Geological and geomorphological structure of the institutions that affect urban form, climatic conditions, combined with soil and water values to gain socio-cultural life of the city's identity. Identity is a unique situation and that implies authenticity of the place. Physical and socio-cultural characteristics that make up the identity of a city but also directly affect the formation of the city's architecture. In particular urban identity of natural disasters and their impact on the urban structure can be very dominant.
In the study, undergoing major volcanic eruptions at different times in the historical process; climate, topography, soil and water quality characteristics are considered as an example to investigate the effect of different shaped many if Santorini island in Greece on the island of natural disasters on urban and architectural identity formation. The islands within the scope of literature on the formation of the city, climatic, geomorphological and historical characteristics investigated and the urban identity of these factors are explored how to shape the urban structure and architectural constructions.
Keywords: Urban Identity, Natural Disasters, Architectural Features, Santorini