Aim: Zeugma Mosaic Museum (Gaziantep), which is affiliated to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, designed for different function and opened as a museum in 2011, is examined in terms of structural and spatial characteristics; and appropriateness of these to preventive conservation are evaluated in this study. Method: Taking the framework (2015) prepared by Canadian Conservation Institute as a base study, spatial and structural characteristics of the museum are investigated in terms of the taken precautions for the agents of deterioration to which artefacts are exposed. Results: The agents of deterioration to the collection, deterioration that is not perceived in day but accumulated in time and abrupt big damages are avoided or blocked by using precautions of preventive conservation in museums’ spatial and structural characteristics. Differences on design affect the problems and proposals on conservation of the museum collection in terms of quality and quantity. Conclusion: It is important to determine the need of protection in the project process; and required precautions for preventive conservation should be taken in the projects of transforming of the buildings into museum buildings. It is ideal to determine the location of museum buildings, the structural condition and whether the materials are suitable in terms of conservation; and to design the exhibition and storage areas by architects, designers and conservators.
Keywords: Museology, Preventive Conservation, Museum Design