Aim: This study analyses effects of spatial characteristics on recalling a space through place attachment and conducted with 77 İstanbul High School graduates. Method: Participants were asked to write places they recalled through their affective and social attachments; and the recalled school building was analyzed according to imageability categories, functional categories and syntactic measures. Relations of recalling through affective/social attachment with (1) syntactic characteristics were searched through correlation tests, and with (2) functional/imageability characteristics were searched through categories’ recall counts and crosstabs. Results: Syntactic values and social recalling have positive significant correlation (p < 0.05); and syntactic values and affective recalling did not show any correlation (p > 0.05). Through affective attachment, circulation and service spaces in nodes (%26, %13) and classrooms in districts (%14); through social attachment, classrooms and open spaces in districts (%22, %21) and open spaces and service spaces (%16, %14) in nodes are recalled. Conclusion: Functional characteristics are regarded as the strongest factor on recalling depending on their preliminary effects over syntactic and imageability characteristics of spaces. Imageability characteristics defined by visual/morphological properties of spaces were effective on affective attachment; and syntactic characteristics defined by morphology and configuration of spaces were effective on social attachment. The findings present that different types of spatial characteristics were related to different dimensions of human-place relations and syntactic characteristics can be evaluated in this context. These findings also indicate the requisite of further studies searching the other components of human-place relations with different methods.
Keywords: Place Attachment, Social Attachment, Affective Attachment, Architecture, Space Syntax