Aim: This study aims to determine the design dynamics for botanic gardens within the framework of landscape design. It is also aimed to emphasize the importance of unique characteristics of botanic gardens and to raise awareness on their scientific, education and social roles. Method: The methodology of this study is based on analysis of the literature on design of botanic gardens and worldwide examples; synthesis of these data through a landscape project for a proposed botanic garden in Bilecik, Turkey; and finally, evaluation of overall findings in order to determine the dynamics that influence design of a botanic garden. Results: Diversity of the plants proposed in the design scheme was determined based on the ecological conditions of the site and the budget. The design also proposes places for recreational purposes that will help to support both physical and mental health of the visitors and for educational purposes which will raise the public awareness. However, it is also concluded that spatial design, solely, is not a determining factor for realizing their missions. The effective operational management of a botanic garden is important for sustaining the conservation and the education missions. Conclusion: The quality and the functionality of a botanical park cannot be solely determined through the design process although spatial characteristics of a site have a considerable influence on the design scheme and content. The effective design and implementation of operational program of plant conservation, educational and recreational activities are essential in order to sustain the identity of any botanic garden.
Keywords: Botanic Gardens, Landscape Design, Urban Landscape, Green Spaces