Aim: Ergonomic criteria require user characteristics and anthropometric data to be precisely considered in preschool education units. Achieving the desired performance from preschool education depends on educational programs and staff as well as optimal physical conditions.
This research was intended to determine whether the equipment and classroom sizes in nursery schools consider children's anthropometric data and to draw attention to the importance of these arrangements on the physical and mental health of children. Method: Five different randomly selected nursery schools in the city of Diyarbakır were examined. The working plane heights, sitting heights, eye alignments, maximum reach distances were considered by calculating the variations in the body measurements and proportions of the children and determining their anthropometric values. All the data are shown in separate tables for each school. The data were compared with the values obtained during the measurement of the classrooms. As a result of these data, this study makes suggestions based on ergonomic principles.
Findings: This study determined that there are no problems with staff in the five schools examined. However, in the structural dimension, the designs are not adequate for nursery schools. The window surface areas are inadequate for natural lighting, and some of the classroom sizes are too undefined due to providing too much room for children to move. Results: Nursery schools should be designed from the start according to ergonomic principles and should not be renovated or repurposed spaces.
Keywords: Ergonomics, Anthropometry, Nursery school, Education, Equipment